Providing, guarding, shielding: Open Government Data in Spain and Germany
The trend to publish public sector information (PSI) openly on the Internet has grasped attention worldwide under the term open data. However, despite its global reach and claim of some of the movement's activists, the national and local results of the phenomenon differ considerably. These differences have so far not been sufficiently explained. This article understands open data projects as techno-scientific artefacts negotiated within a network of various actants following vested interests. Building on Latour's theory of actor-networks this article conceptualises open data projects as cocreated phenomena transcending the social-technical distinction. This helps us to understand both the particularities of single projects, as well as the continuities specific administrative systems imprint on the formation of open data regimes. This research investigates the situation of open data in Germany and Spain, thereby focusing on national level as well as local level projects. Methodologically it is build on qualitative empirical data collected through document analysis and more than 30 in-depth interviews with experts from the public sector as well as users and open data advocates from outside the public sector.

Sirko Hunnius

Sirko Hunnius is an e-government and public management scholar. He holds a diploma in economics and public management. Sirko currently works at the Institute for eGovernment (IfG.CC) on topics like e-government competencies, open data, IT governance, and public mergers.

Bernhard Krieger

Bernhard Krieger holds a Magister Artium in cultural anthropology from the Ludwig¬-Maximilians University Munich and a PhD in Social Anthropology from the University of Cambridge. At the IfG.CC Bernhard Krieger is head of international research and project manager for the OpenDataMonitor project.

Tino Schuppan

Tino Schuppan: Tino Schuppan holds a PhD in Administrative Sciences from the University of Potsdam. He is Professor for Public Management at the University of Labor Studies and the scientific director of the Institute for E-Government (IfG.CC) in Potsdam, Germany. His research interests include transformation in the context of e-government, changing work organization, skills and competencies for e-government and ICT for development.

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