Conceptualizing Open Data Ecosystems: A timeline analysis of Open Data development in the UK
In this paper, we conceptualize Open Data ecosystems by analysing the major stakeholders in the UK. The conceptualization is based on a review of popular Open Data definitions and business ecosystem theories, which we applied to empirical data using a timeline analysis. Our work is informed by a combination of discourse analysis and in-depth interviews, undertaken during the summer of 2013. Drawing on the UK as a best practice example, we identify a set of structural business ecosystem properties: circular flow of resources, sustainability, demand that encourages supply, and dependence developing between suppliers, intermediaries, and users. However, significant gaps and shortcomings are found to remain. Most prominently, demand is not yet fully encouraging supply and actors have yet to experience fully mutual interdependence.

Maximilian Heimstädt

Maximilian Heimstädt is a PhD student within the department for organisation theory at Free University Berlin, where he investigates the emergence and management of municipal Open Data ecosystems. He previously studied an M.Sc. in Management and Information Technology at the University of St Andrews, Scotland, and worked as a visiting researcher at the Open Data Institute in London. Fredric Saunderson Fredric Saunderson gained his M.A. in Digital Asset Management from King’s College London in 2013. He then worked as a researcher for the Open Data Institute in London, before moving to the National Library of Scotland in January 2014. In his M.A. dissertation, Fredric examined public engagement with Open Government Data in the United Kingdom. He holds an undergraduate M.A. (Hons.) in International Relations from the University of St Andrews.

Fredric Saunderson

Fredric Saunderson gained his M.A. in Digital Asset Management from King’s College London in 2013. He then worked as a researcher for the Open Data Institute in London, before moving to the National Library of Scotland in January 2014. In his M.A. dissertation, Fredric examined public engagement with Open Government Data in the United Kingdom. He holds an undergraduate M.A. (Hons.) in International Relations from the University of St Andrews.

Dr. Tom Heath

Tom Heath is Head of Research at the Open Data Institute in London, UK, where he leads a diverse, multidisciplinary programme of research exploring the impact, applications and implications of Open Data. Tom has a background in commercial and academic research, and is an internationally recognised expert in the field of Linked Open Data. He holds a B.Sc. in Psychology from the University of Liverpool and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from The Open University.

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